Euclid Space Telescope: Unveiling the Secrets of the Dark Universe
The Euclid space telescope named after the ancient Greek mathematician Euclid known as the father of geometry is manufactured by the European Space Agency (ESA), recently embarked on an important mission to explore the history of our universe.
In order to create the most accurate 3D map of the universe ever, the Euclid telescope will observe a significant portion of the extragalactic sky for the next six years.
The spacecraft was launched into space on SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket from Cape Canaveral, Florida and after three minutes it entered in a stable orbit around Earth.
To get to its final destination near sun-Earth Lagrange point L2, which is around 1.6 million kilometers from our planet will take almost a month.
Once Euclid reaches its destination, it will start its scientific mission. By observing billions of galaxies located 10 billion light-years away, the telescope aims to study the effects of dark energy on the expansion of the universe over the past 10 billion years. It will also investigate the role of dark matter and dark energy, which make up the majority of our universe.
Euclid’s telescope is incredibly powerful, producing images that are four times sharper than ground-based surveys. Its wide field of vision enable it to collect data from an area of the sky that is 100 times greater than NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope.
Over the course of its mission, Euclid will collect data on 1.5 billion galaxies, studying their shape, mass, and star formation.
ESA, NASA, and thousands of scientists from 13 different European nations, the US, Canada, and Japan are working together on this project.